While present-day Baghdad is generally in the news for wrong reasons such as terrorism and war (all planted thanks to foreign interference), it was not always the case. Back in the day, Baghdad was quite easily the biggest and most cosmopolitan city in the whole world, known for its splendor and progress.
Among other things, Baghdad was also known for its scientific growth, learning and other advancements. The Islamic Golden Age, from the mid-8th to the mid-13th century AD (though it quite possibly existed right until the mid-15th century), was the period when the Islamic World made great development in virtually every field of knowledge. Of course, Baghdad served as the center of such developments.
The following video, uploaded by History TV, examines the rise of science and philosophy in Baghdad during the Islamic Golden Age.
Photo by Nikos Niotis