Translation and Tafsir of Surah an-Nas

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Surah an-Nas, or “Mankind”, is the 114th and final Surah of the Quran. It is a short Surah of just six Ayahs, asking Allah for protection from the evil Satan.

This article provides full translation and tafsir of Surah an-Nas, along with Arabic text. 

First up, the full Arabic text of Surah an-Nas:

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Translation

  1. Say: “I seek shelter with the Lord of mankind”
  2. The Sovereign of mankind
  3. The God of mankind
  4. From the evil of the sneaking whisperer 
  5. Who whispers into the hearts of mankind
  6. From among the jinn and the men. 

Let us now discuss the Surah in detail, verse by verse.

Tafsir

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1. Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind”

The Surah opens with Allah commanding His Prophet (PBUH) to seek refuge with The Lord, or in Arabic, Al-Rabb of mankind. Al-Rabb is one of Allah’s 99 names, and He asserts that the Lord of the heavens and the earth will be there for anyone who seeks refuge in Him.

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2. The King of mankind

Allah further asserts that He is always there for mankind to seek refuge in Him by adding another one of His names: The King, or Al-Malik.

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3. The God of mankind

Allah gives humans another reason to turn to Him: He is The God, or Al-Ilah of mankind.

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4. From the evil of the sneaking whisperer

In this Ayah, Shaytaan is referred to as “the sneaking whisperer”, because he tempts mankind to commit sins by secretly whispering evil thoughts to us. Allah is the Only Power that can protect mankind from Shaytaan.

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5. Who whispers in the hearts of mankind

Once again, it is stated that Shaytaan whispers in the hearts of mankind, implying that he does not openly come in front of us but surreptitiously misleads us.

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6. From among the jinn and the men.

This Ayah can be interpreted in two different ways, following the previous Ayah. The first way is that Shaytaan whispers in the hearts of men and jinn, whereas the second interpretation can be that the Shayateen (evil ones) amongst men and jinn whisper in the hearts of other men and jinn, to mislead or misguide them.

It is beneficial to recite Surah an-Nas often, as a means of protection against evil.

Photo by Wikimedia


1 comment

  1. I ask sister Faima’s approval ,which I am sure she will not deny,for my expanding on her Tafseer.Conrary to what the caption above the Surah says this Surah was revealed in Mecca and not in Medina.In fact, it was the fifth Surah to be revealed in the Quran.It was revealed towards the middle of the first year of the Prophet’s mission. Surah Al-Ikhlas had been revealed already three months before that.This Surah made it clear that the only legitimate Umma according to the Quran is the Umma which is founded around the worship of Allah as the one and only God.This not only made all the ummas of the Arabs illegitimate because they were founded around the worship of their idols but it opened the membership in the Umma to any person no matter to what people that person belonged or to what country he comes from.The enemies of the Prophet seized upon this interpretation to say that what Muhammed is aiming to do is to found an empire like the empire of the Byzentines which incorporates so many different people all united by their Christianity and by their allegiance to the Emperor.So they started spreading the word around telling people that if they adopt Muhammad’s religion you will lose your status as the feest of all men on earth and you will become the subjects of Muhammad’s empire and you will end up setting up Muhammad as a smi-God emperor above you.This was a very vicious and dangerous propaganda to come at the beginning of the Prophet’s mission.Surah An-Nas was revealed to nip this wickedness in the bud.It says that Allah decrees that there is no Lord but He. In other words there are no lords in Islam i.e. there is no aristocracy in Islam. It says that there is no king but Allah.In other words ,it says that there can be no kings in Islam.Later Ayahs in the Quran assert that any Muslim who sets up a king above himself has committed Shirk.It is not to be wondered at that Britain set up the kingdoms of Saudi Arabia and of Jordan and France set up the Kingdom of Morocco.Finally,the Surah says ,of course,that there is no God but Allah.So this Surah said from the very beginning that the Muslims are a free and self-governing sovereign people who are equal brothers and sisters in the Umma.They choose their own government which is completely accountable to them.This is the meaning of Ash-Shura in Ayah42.38.

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