Surah an-Nas, or “Mankind”, is the 114th and final Surah of the Quran. It is a short Surah of just six Ayahs, asking Allah for protection from the evil Satan.
This article provides full translation and tafsir of Surah an-Nas, along with Arabic text.
First up, the full Arabic text of Surah an-Nas:
- Say: “I seek shelter with the Lord of mankind”
- The Sovereign of mankind
- The God of mankind
- From the evil of the sneaking whisperer
- Who whispers into the hearts of mankind
- From among the jinn and the men.
Let us now discuss the Surah in detail, verse by verse.
1. Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind”
The Surah opens with Allah commanding His Prophet (PBUH) to seek refuge with The Lord, or in Arabic, Al-Rabb of mankind. Al-Rabb is one of Allah’s 99 names, and He asserts that the Lord of the heavens and the earth will be there for anyone who seeks refuge in Him.
2. The King of mankind
Allah further asserts that He is always there for mankind to seek refuge in Him by adding another one of His names: The King, or Al-Malik.
3. The God of mankind
Allah gives humans another reason to turn to Him: He is The God, or Al-Ilah of mankind.
4. From the evil of the sneaking whisperer
In this Ayah, Shaytaan is referred to as “the sneaking whisperer”, because he tempts mankind to commit sins by secretly whispering evil thoughts to us. Allah is the Only Power that can protect mankind from Shaytaan.
5. Who whispers in the hearts of mankind
Once again, it is stated that Shaytaan whispers in the hearts of mankind, implying that he does not openly come in front of us but surreptitiously misleads us.
6. From among the jinn and the men.
This Ayah can be interpreted in two different ways, following the previous Ayah. The first way is that Shaytaan whispers in the hearts of men and jinn, whereas the second interpretation can be that the Shayateen (evil ones) amongst men and jinn whisper in the hearts of other men and jinn, to mislead or misguide them.
It is beneficial to recite Surah an-Nas often, as a means of protection against evil.
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