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Translation and Tafsir of Surah al-Masad

By: Waseelah Smedley

Surah al-Masad, meaning “The Palm Fibre”, is the 111th Surah of the Quran. This Surah was revealed as a retort to the arrogance of Abu Lahab, a staunch adversary of righteousness. Blinded by their pride and animosity towards others, Abu Lahab and his wife had gone out-of-the-way to injure innocent people and denounce the Message of Allah.
Abu Lahab, as well as his wife, used to take pride in torturing people, denying others their rights, and indulging in treacherous deeds. They would often throw thorns in the path of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and use ill-speech for him and his companions. In fact, so arrogant was Abu Lahab that he claimed that he would buy a place in heaven using his wealth!

This article provides full translation and tafsir of Surah al-Masad.

1. The power of Abu Lahab will perish, and he will perish.
2. His wealth and gains will not help him.
3. He will be plunged in flaming Fire,
4. And his wife, the wood-carrier,
5. Will have upon her neck a halter of palm-fibre.
And now, the Tafsir of Surah al-Masad.


1. The power of Abu Lahab will perish, and he will perish.

Once, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) delivered a speech calling people to Islam. Therein, Abu Lahab stood and said, “Perish you for the rest of this day! Have you gathered us for this?” Therefore, in the Ayah, Allah refers to his speech and curses his hands and his self — his body and his soul in this life and in the Hereafter.

2. His wealth and gains will not help him.

Ibn Masud narrated that when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) called people towards Islam, Abu Lahab said, “Even if what Muhammad says is true, I will ransom myself from all problems on the Day of Judgement with my wealth and my children.” Allah therefore revealed this Ayah stating that wealth and worldly gains will not help Abu Lahab.

3. He will be plunged in flaming Fire,

In continuation with the previous one, this Ayah too states that Abu Lahab’s wealth and worldly stature will not save him.

4. And his wife, the wood-carrier,

Abu Lahab’s wife, Umm Jamil bint Harb, supported her husband in his unfair deeds and, much like her husband, spread lies and treachery. Therefore, Allah states that she too will accompany her husband in hell.

5. Will have upon her neck a halter of palm-fibre.

Umm Jamil used to throw “masad” (palm-fibres) in the path of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), so as to hurt him physically and to ridicule him. Our Prophet (PBUH) did not respond to any of her abuses or actions in any manner. As such, for her hatred and unfair treatment towards others, Umm Jamil’s punishment in the Hereafter will be that she’ll wear a collar of palm-fibres.

For the uninitiated, this Surah might appear to be as one filled with anger and disgust. However, one must view it in the light of the actions and behavior of Abu Lahab and his wife. They used to *enjoy* torturing and hurting innocent people — men, women and children — simply because those particular people had chosen to follow Islam. As such, Abu Lahab and his wife used to take pride in their sadistic and sick behavior. Ever came across a news related to any sociopath who would kill or hurt others simply for sadistic delight? Yes, Abu Lahab and his wife were just that.

As such, in response to their sadism and sociopathic manners, Abu Lahab and Umm Jamil were accorded such punishment.
6 Noteworthy Facts About Hijri Calendar

by Aruzhan Nuraly

The 1st Muharram of 622 is the beginning of the Muslim calendar. On September 24, 622, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) performed the Hijrah (from Arabic means the movement, migration) from Mecca to the oasis of Yathrib (Medina).

1. The Muslim Lunar Calendar

The Hijri is based on the lunar calendar. The lunar year consists of twelve lunar months, including 354 (355) days. Odd months contain 30 days, and even months contain 29. The lunar cycle is 30 years: 19 regular years with 354 days and 11 leap years with 355 days. To keep the new moon near the 1st day of the month, the day of the leap year is included in the last month of the year – Zu al-Hijjah.

The lunar year is shorter than the solar year (miladi) by 10-12 days, depending on the leap year, so it is not tied to the seasons. The lunar month of 29.5 days is a period of the natural cycle. However, the Moon phase is associated with the power of the sea tide, the parameters of the atmosphere and magnetosphere, the strength of the reflection of sunlight from the Moon’s surface. All these cyclical changes affect plants, animals, and humans.

2. The Hijrah is the Starting Point

The Muslim Hijri calendar begins with the Hijrah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from Mecca to Yasrib, later called Medina, and is based on the Lunar calendar.

3. Who Created the Islamic Calendar?

There are many opinions about how the Islamic calendar was established. And the most authoritative of them is that the decision to do so belongs to the second Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA). This is confirmed by Imam Abu Nuaym, who testifies that Abu Musa al-Ashari, the Caliph’s governor in Basra, wrote to Umar (RA), and that Umar (RA) sends them messages that have no number. Therefore Umar (RA) gathered people, and they proposed to set the calendar from the moment of the message of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Ali ibn Abu Talib (RA) suggested that the calendar should start from the moment of the migration of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) listened to Ali’s advice.

After listening to all the suggestions, Umar (RA) said that the migration was what divided “the truth and the falsehood”, so the time in the calendar should start with the migration.

4. Days in Hijri Calendar

In contrast to the 365 days of the Gregorian calendar, the Hijri calendar has 354 days per year. This means that every 33 Gregorian years, according to the Hijri calendar, you become a year older than the traditional calendar. The time on the Hijri calendar goes faster.

5. Five Forbidden Months

In the Islamic calendar, a number of months are forbidden. These are Rajab, Muharram, Ramadan, Zu al-Hijjah, and Zu al-Qadah. In Islam, these are the holy months. During these months, military operations were prohibited due to the fact that it was necessary to protect the pilgrims who arrived at the Kaaba, near which trade brought great profits during this period. If war was inevitable, then the pagan Arabs moved the forbidden month and conducted military operations.

6. Tabular Islamic Calendar

A new version of the Hijri calendar has recently appeared. It is called the tabular Islamic calendar, and it is based on mathematical data. The calendar works on arithmetic rules, rather than on observations of the Moon and astronomical calculations. It has a 30-year cycle with 11 leap years of 355 days and 19 years of 354 days. In the long run, it accumulates one extra day every 2,500 years. That is, its accuracy is 1 day in 2500 years.


We can all contribute to the development of the Hijri calendar and it starts with the fact that we formulate the right intentions. Thus, we become a living example of the fact that using the Islamic calendar is not difficult.

Significance of the Islamic Hijri Calendar –
The Beginning Of Hijra Calendar – Sound Vision
Lunar Craters Named After Muslim Astronomers

By: Aruzhan Nuraly

If you look at the surface of the Moon with the naked eye, it looks unevenly bright, with dark and light spots. These objects are called “lunar craters”. In 1651, Giovanni Battista Riccioli, a Jesuit professor of astronomy and philosophy from Bologna, prepared a comprehensive work on astronomy called Almagestum Novum (“New Almagest”) with a complete map of the Moon. He named the lunar formations after the outstanding astronomers of the Middle Ages. At the same time, 10 of them are the names of astronomers and mathematicians of the Muslim civilization.

Lunar Craters

These names were finally approved at a conference of the International Astronomical Union in 1935. Of the 672 lunar objects, 13 were named after major Muslim astronomers. Now, we will consider eight of them.

1. Messala
Messala is a crater in the thirteenth sector of the Moon, named after Mashaallah ibn Asari, who lived between the 8th and 9th centuries. He was a Persian-Jewish astronomer from Egypt who converted to Islam during the time of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mansur. His work was translated into Latin in the Middle Ages and was widely used by the medieval English poet, the “father of English poetry” Geoffrey Chaucer. Moreover, two of his books on astronomy have Latin translations.

2. Alhazen
Alhazen is a circular crater in the 12th sector of the Moon, named after the Arab universal scientist Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham. In medieval Europe, it was referred to by the Latinized name Alhazen.

3. Alfraganus
Alfraganus is a crater in the second sector of the Moon, named after the Turkish astronomer al-Ferghanli. He was a member of the Al-Ma’mun group of astronomers. Al-Fergani wrote the book “Outline of astronomy”, and this has had a key influence on the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. Besides, in Western Europe, he was known by the Latinized name Alfraganus.

4. Almanon
Almanon is a crater of the ninth sector, named after Caliph Al-Ma’mun, son of Harun al-Rashid. He was also a founder of Bayt al-Hikma, the “House of Wisdom” in Baghdad.

5. Albategnius
Albategnius is a crater in the first sector, named after the Arab astronomer Al-Battani, who was born in 858. He made many astronomical measurements with high accuracy. In medieval Europe, he was known by the Latinized name Albatenius. Meanwhile, Albategnius is believed to have been featured prominently in an early sketch drawing by Galileo in his book Sidereus Nuncius published in 1610.

6. Thebit
Thebit is a famous circular crater in the eighth sector of the Moon, named after the Abbasid astronomer, mathematician, mechanic, and physician Thabit ibn Qurra, who passed away in Baghdad in 901. He translated a large number of Greek and Syriac scientific works into Arabic. Ibn Qurra also made a great contribution to fundamental mathematics.

7. Azophi
Azophi – mountain ring in the ninth section of the Moon, named after the Persian mathematician and astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, who lived in the 10th century. In addition, he has a book named “The Book of Fixed Stars”, dedicated to stellar astronomy.

8. Arzachel
Arzachel is a crater in the eighth sector of the Moon, named after a Western Arab astronomer and mathematician of Jewish origin. In Western Europe he was known as Arzachel or Azarael Al-Zarqali. Additionally, he was involved in the creation of the Toledan Tables – astronomical tables for predicting the movement of the Sun, Moon, and planets in relation to the fixed stars. Al-Zarkali’s activities may have influenced the work of Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus as well.

Here's the link to complete article:
Inspiring Muslim Women: Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad (RA)

by Anjum Ara

Hz Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad (RA) was the third daughter of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Hz Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (RA). She was born in the year 603 CE, and was a year younger than Hz Ruqayyah (RA).

Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) was initially married to Utaybah, one of the sons of Abu Lahab. Due to his enmity towards Islam, Abu Lahab forced Utaybah to leave Hz Umm Kulthum (RA).

After her divorce, Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) went back to live with her father, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). For many years, she stayed home, shouldering the burdens of life with her mother, Hz Khadijah (RA).

Meanwhile, the people of Quraysh decided to boycott Muslims on both the economic and social frontier. Muslims suffered a lot of afflictions, and owing to socio-economic boycott, some were even forced to consume leaves of trees.

Hz Khadijah (RA) passed away shortly after the end of the boycott. Her mother’s death filled her heart with sorrow and grief, but Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) conducted herself in a mature manner, because in the absence of her mother, she had to take care of the entire household as well as her younger sister, Hz Fatima (RA).

In the year 622 CE, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) left Mecca and migrated to Medina, and thereafter, he sent Hz Zayd ibn Harith (RA) to bring his daughters Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) and Hz Fatima (RA) to Medina.

Life was comparatively better for Muslims in Medina. It was in Medina that Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) witnessed the Muslims’ victory in the Battle of Badr. Unfortunately, it was during the battle itself that she got the sad news about the demise of her elder sister, Hz Ruqayyah (RA).

After the death of Hz Ruqayyah (RA), Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) was married to Hz Uthman ibn Affan in the year 03 AH (624 CE). As a result, Hz Uthman (RA) earned the title of Dhu al-Nurayn (“The Possessor of Two Lights”), because he married two daughters of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) lived with her husband Hz Uthman (RA) for six years, but the marriage remained childless. She witnessed several stages during the rise of Islam – the socio-economic boycott and the hardships faced in Mecca, the migration to Medina, as well as the glorious conquest of Mecca in the year 08 AH (629 CE).

She passed away in the year 09 AH in the month of Sha’ban (November/December 630 CE), at the age of 29 years. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) tearfully conducted her funeral prayers, and she was laid to rest next to the grave of her sister, Hz Ruqayyah bint Muhammad (RA).
Wang Zi-Ping: A Muslim Master of Martial Arts

By: Aruzhan Nuraly

Connection Between Islam and Martial Arts

The majority of Hui Chinese are Muslims. It is known that already in the XIII century, Muslims held high positions in the army of the Middle Kingdom. This was the impetus for the formation of a unique connection between Islam and the martial arts.

Chinese culture is one of the oldest in the world and includes a variety of traditions. Martial arts are an integral part of this culture. Chinese martial arts, known as Wushu and Kung Fu, include hundreds of martial styles. Each of them was inspired by various Chinese religions, philosophies, and legends. One of the religions that influenced their formation was Islam.

If traditional Chinese philosophy based on the idea of harmonizing internal and external energy and achieving physical and spiritual perfection, then the worldview of the Hui, a Muslim ethnic group living in China, was influenced by the principle expressed by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):

The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger.
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 78, Hadith 141)

The Hui people have committed themselves to creating a fusion between the Islamic faith and the Chinese tradition expressed in the martial art. Among them was born a large number of masters of the martial arts at the highest level. In this article, we will talk about two of them.

Wang Zi-Ping and His Life

Wang Zi-Ping (1881-1973) was a Chinese-Muslim performer of Chinese Martial Arts and traditional medicine from Changzhou, Mengcun, Hebei Province. He served as the leader of the Shaolin Martial Arts Institute’s Kung Fu division in.

One of the main achievements of his life is that he managed to restore the title of “Lion of Chinese Kung Fu”. His father and grandfather were also famous martial artists. However, they refused to teach Zi-Ping. They didn’t want him to experience the suffering they had to go through. But Wang Zi-Ping loved Wushu that he started training on his own when he was seven years old.

His Path in Martial Arts

As an adult, he decided to travel around the country. During the journey, the famous Wushu master Yang Hong Xiu notices him and began to teach him. Many dared to challenge Wang Zi-Ping, but he remained invincible. Neither the German workers, nor a group of judoists, nor an American named Sullivan could not defeat him. After the 1949 revolution, he gained fame as a hero of China. He was elected to the Shanghai Multi-Party People’s Congress, vice-president of the National Wushu Association, and a member of the All-China Sports Federation.

Master Wang Zi-Ping was not only skilled in Wushu, but was also considered an expert in religion. There is a legend that he lifted heavy stones while reading the Quran.

Also, Chinese Muslims remember that there is a story about how Wang Zi-Ping prevented German soldiers from removing the doors of a masjid in Qinzhou. Master Wang did not want the soldiers disturb Muslim shrine, so he challenged the soldiers to a weight-lifting duel and defeated them.

Proficient in various types of martial arts, Wang Zi-Ping inspired a lot of people. During his life, he defeated many fighters, left a memory in the hearts of devoted students, and served the cause of spreading Islam among the Chinese.

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The Islamic Roots of Trigonometry

By: Aruzhan Nuraly

Trigonometry is the branch of mathematics that studies trigonometric functions and their applications to geometry. It is this task – “measuring triangles” or “solving triangles”.

Why Did Muslims Start the Study of Trigonometry?

The reason for the emergence of trigonometry was astronomy, which Muslims diligently studied, especially because of its significance for determining the exact time of Prayers and to determine the position of Qibla.

Muslim scientists have made a great contribution to the development of trigonometry, in particular spherical. Their interest in this field was determined by the problems of astronomy and geodesy, the main of which were:
accurate determination of the time of day; calculation of the future location of the heavenly bodies, the moments of Sunrise and Sunset, eclipses of the Sun and Moon; finding the geographical coordinates of the current location; calculating the distance between cities with known geographical coordinates; determining the direction to Mecca (Qibla) from a given location.
The treatise of Ptolemy came to the scientists of Europe thanks to the Muslims. They briefly translated the original Greek full name “The Great Mathematical Construction on Astronomy in 13 books” as “Al-Majisti”, which means “The Greatest”. This title reflected the deep respect that was widespread in Muslim academic circles for this book.

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi and His Contribution to Trigonometry

The Muslim astronomer Nasir al-Din al-Tusi explains in his work “Intersecting Figures” how people can use this chord table was to solve problems about right-angled triangles. Nasir al-Din al-Tusi made an important observation, which established the connection between triangles and the arcs of circles. Accordingly, the sides of a triangle can be considered as chords, contracting arcs opposite to the angles of the triangle.

However, this table had two disadvantages. First, it required considerable work with the table and intermediate steps to calculate all the variations that might appear when searching for unknown lengths or angles of a right triangle. In contrast, trigonometry uses six familiar functions: sine, cosine, tangent, and their derivatives secant, cosecant, and cotangent. They are properties of modern techniques first developed and systematized by Muslim mathematicians. The second disadvantage of the table is the frequent need to double the angles in order to count the arc length.

Al-Battani and His Contribution to Trigonometry

In fact, a number of Muslim scholars laid the foundation for trigonometry before the 10th century. Therefore, it allowed Nasir al-Din al-Tusi to collect, organize, and supplement their developments. One of the most influential figures in trigonometry was al-Battani, born in Harran (Turkey). He is one of the greatest Muslim astronomers, who passed away in 929 AD in Samarra. The driving force behind his groundbreaking development was observing the movement of the planets.

Al-Battani explained his mathematical operations and encouraged others to “continue observations and research” in order to refine and expand his work. Like al-Battani, Ibn Yunus, and Ibn al-Haytham developed spherical trigonometry and used its laws to solve problems in astronomy. Al-Battani was the first to use the terms “sine” and “cosine”. He defined them as length rather than proportion, as we do today. The scientist referred to the “tangent” as the “elongated shadow”. It means the shadow of an imaginary horizontal rod mounted on a wall. Al-Biruni defined the trigonometric functions of tangent and cotangent, which were theoretically improvised on the knowledge of Ancient Civilizations.

However, it is worth noting that the Arabic word geb angle is translated as “pocket”. In Arabic it means sinus (in the context of anatomy), the meaning of which has passed into the Latin sinus.

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The Most Effective Ways to Memorize the Quran

By: Aruzhan Nuraly

The intention to start learning the Quran sooner or later comes to every Muslim who wants to know the Holy Book of Allah (SWT). The importance of the Quran itself and the need to study it in the life of every believer is realized when a person understands that his whole life, all the rules and regulations originate and are built around the Quran, which, as a guiding star, will show every believer the way to the realization of the truth. And right after that, a person wonders where to start learning the Quran and how to do it correctly.

The study of the Quran is a primary task for every believer, and its comprehension, reflection on it, and memorization of its verses is something that a Muslim should devote himself to in order to earn the pleasure of Allah (SWT). Learning the Quran for beginners is not an easy task, requiring effort of the student, but for a person with good intentions and diligent, who makes memorizing – a regular thing of his life, Allah makes it easier and provides support!

Requirements of Learning the Quran

There are a number of necessary conditions for beginners who start learning and memorizing.

The first of these conditions is the presence of a sincere intention. The purpose of a believer who decides to start learning the Quran should be nothing more than the desire to earn the contentment of the Most High Allah, the desire to get close Him with His heart and thoughts. If Allah sees in a person such a desire and sincere intention to start learning the Quran, then He will help him in studying it, make it easier for him to study, and make the knowledge that he acquires good.

Another necessary prerequisite: the Holy Quran should be treated with great care and respect. A Muslim must observe the obligatory etiquette in dealing with the Quran. An ethic that assumes that a believer who reads the Holy Quran must necessarily be in a state of cleanliness. This is how the person shows respect for the Quran. The scriptures are forbidden to be placed on the ground, and the place to learn should be chosen carefully.

The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Quran and teach it.
(Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 66, Hadith 49)

Tips For Memorizing the Quran

1. Learning by Listening
2. Following the Adab
3. Finding a Companion
4. Making a Plan
5. Developing a Habit
6. Visual Memory

Learning three or four short Ayahs at a time is enough for the first stages of learning the Quran. After the texts are memorized, you can put them together and repeat them by heart as whole Surahs. You should not start memorizing a new Surah if the previous one is not thoroughly learned and not fixed. The volume of the learned text will increase over time, and gradually the student will understand how much text or the number of lines he is able to learn at a time.

Gradually accumulating, the learned texts should be repeated regularly. And not only the daily repetition of is an effective tool – it is also important for the student to write them, read the learned Ayahs in Prayers during the performance of Prayers.

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Top 5 Impactful Movies About Muslims

By: Aruzhan Nuraly

One of the options, to spend your time productively is to get acquainted with the cinematic works that tell the viewer about what Islam really is.
In this article, we will share with you the top 5 impactful movies that you can watch not only with your family, but also with friends who want to get more imbued with the teachings of Islam.

1. Watu Wote: All of Us (2017)

Watu Wote is a 2017 Kenyan-German short film directed by Katja Benrath as her graduation project at the Hamburg Media School. The film won the 2018 Academy Award for Best Short Film (Live Action).

The film “Watu Wote” is based on real dramatic events that unfolded in 2015 in northern Kenya. Al-Shabaab militants stopped a regular bus on the highway and ordered the Muslim passengers to stand in one direction and the Christians in the other to deal with the latter. However, the Muslims refused to comply with this order and did not give up their compatriots who profess another religion, risking their lives.

2. 1001 Inventions and The Library of Secrets (2010)

The movie was released in 21 January from producer Ahmed Salim and starring Oscar-winning actor and screen legend Sir Ben Kingsley. This short feature film is about the scientific heritage of Muslims civilisation. The amazing success was replicated in over 40 cities around the world where it engaged more than 15 million visitors.
We need to meantion that glorious era of Islamic civilization – not only about conquests, but also about culture, about scientific and technological discoveries. This is exactly what the British short film “1001 Inventions and a Library of Secrets” is dedicated to. In the film, a group of schoolchildren discovers the wonderful world of inventions of the Golden Age of Islam. The librarian and the famous Arab scholar Al-Jazairi was played by the winner of the Academy Awards.

3. The Message (1976)

An introduction to Islamic history and a brief biography of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) by a Syrian filmmaker Moustapha Akkad. He began filming in late 1974. To make his movie accessible to both the Islamic world and the West, Akkad shot it simultaneously in two versions, Arabic and English. The Arabic version featured some of the biggest stars of Muslim cinema. The film was nominated for an Oscar in 1977 for Best Original Score for the music by Maurice Jarre.

The plot follows the beginning of the religious activities of Muhammad (PBUH), the mass flight and the solemn return of Muslims to Mecca. The Epistle reflects many crucial events in the life of the Prophet (PBUH). In accordance with the Islamic prohibition on the image of the Prophet (PBUH), he and the members of his family are not shown on-screen nor are their voice heard. When creating this movie, he consulted with Islamic clerics and tried to be respectful of Islam and its views on the image of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

4. Mulla (2018)

Mulla is a drama movie shoot by producers Milyausha Aituganova and Marat Akhmetshin in 2019. The main character Asfandiyar receives an unexpected offer from his wealthy well-wisher Samat to become a Mullah in the village where he built a masjid.
The arrival of a young Mullah in the village reveals a whole layer of deep problems of the modern Tatar village, the main root of the troubles of which lies in the lack of spirituality. Asfandiyar will have to turn this situation around with the help of true faith and the firmness of his character.

5. Light From the East (2005)

Have you ever wondered where the term “medicine” came from? Among scientists and researchers, there is an opinion that the appearance of this word is associated with the name of Ibn Sina (Avicenna), the great Eastern sage, physician, scientist – “madat Sino”.
The film was based on the acquaintance of the world-famous encyclopedic scholar Ibn Sina with the great thinker Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. The shooting took place in several countries – Uzbekistan, Iran, France and Russia.

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Suleiman the Magnificent: The Man who Built Suleymaniye

By: Aruzhan Nuraly

Suleiman the Magnificent – the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire – gave his state unprecedented power. The great conqueror also became famous as a wise author of laws, the founder of new schools and the initiator of the construction of architectural masterpieces.

In 1494, the Turkish Sultan Selim I and the daughter of the Crimean Khan Aisha Hafsa had a son who was destined to conquer the major part of the world. From an early age, he trained in administrative affairs and appointed the governor of three provinces, including the vassal Crimean Khanate. Even before ascending to the throne, the young Suleiman won the love and respect of the inhabitants of the Ottoman state.

By the end of his reign, the Ottoman Empire had become one of the greatest and strongest state in the history of the Muslim world.

Beginning of the Reign

Suleiman took the throne when he was 26 years old. Suleiman initially met the expectations of the people. He started with humane actions – returned freedom to hundreds of chained prisoners from the noble families of the states captured by his father. This helped to resume trade relations with the countries.

Internal Policy

He also succeeded in the internal affairs of the state. On his behalf, Judge Ibrahim of Aleppo updated the code of laws, which was in force until the twentieth century. Maiming and the death penalty were reduced to a minimum, although criminals caught forging money and documents, embezzlement and perjury were still deprived of the right hand.

The wise ruler of the state, where representatives of different religions lived side by side made an attempt to create secular laws.
The education system also changed for the better.

Foreign Policy

By the end of the reign, the military biography of Suleiman I numbered 13 major military campaigns, including 10 campaigns of conquest – on the territory of Europe. And that’s not counting the small raids.

A Talented Jeweller

Suleiman the Magnificent was very fond of jewellery, he wrote poems himself, and also patronized young and talented poets.
One of his favorite hobbies was making jewellery. With great pleasure, the Padshah could sit for several hours at this painstaking work and diligently, make every detail of a jewellery masterpiece. He could also easily engage in blacksmithing.

Love of Poetry

The Turkish Padshah was famous for his love of poetry. Moreover, he not only liked to read the poems of talented poets, but also knew how to write them himself.

Сontribution to Architecture

Suleiman also left his legacy in the architecture of the Ottoman Empire. During his reign, 3 of the greatest Masjids were built, the creations of the famous architect Sinan. The largest of them, the Sulaymaniye Masjid, is the second largest in modern Turkey.

The Identity of Suleiman the Magnificent

Despite all his good intentions and deeds, Sultan Suleiman has been viewed by many as an ambiguous person, prone to dominating. According to the available information and records, it is impossible to determine exactly who was Sultan Suleiman.

Hurrem Sultan

The list of women of Suleiman the Magnificent is headed by Hurrem. A favorite woman of Slavic roots, Roxolana, a captive from Galicia, charmed the ruler. The Sultan granted her freedom, and then took her as a legitimate wife – a religious marriage was concluded in 1534.


The Sultan, who brought powerful states to their knees, died, as he wished, in the war during the siege of the Hungarian fortress of Szigetavr.

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The Promises of Allah to Humankind

In Islam, belief in Oneness of Allah is of vital essence. Allah has created a unique life form – humankind, with astoundingly unique gifts and abilities unlike any other; a soul and conscience and freewill. Humans are creatures naturally disposed to worship Allah.

That said, Allah has also made certain specific and unwaivering promises to His creation.

In this post, we have presented the four Promises of Allah SWT in the light of the Quran.

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